Henry McCann become increasingly popular during recent years due to its high efﬁcacy and concise theore- Hans-Georg Ross Practical Atlas of Tung´s. McCann-Ross_Practical Atlas of Tung´s Acupuncture. 32 Pages and effective practice of acupuncture, this manual is not intended for use by the laity. Er3. McCann-Ross-Practical-Atlas-of-Tung´s-Acupuncture . Points in Tung's Acupuncture The most prominent feature of Tung's acupuncture is its extensive use of.
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From the earliest times Chinese has been written with a logographic system where a character represents a word or a part of a word.
For people who cannot read Chinese characters, linguists have developed ways of Romanizing Chinese, in other words writing out the pronunciation of Chinese words with the Roman alphabet.
The two most common Romanization systems are Wade-Giles, the older of the two, and Hanyu Pinyin or Pinyin for short , the newer of the two. In both instances the word is pronounced the same with a d sound , although in the former a d sound is written with a t.
Since Pinyin is the more accepted academic standard today, throughout this book we adopt Pinyin spellings for most Chinese words. Furthermore, all authentic lineages of medicine, including the Tung family lineage of classical acupuncture, embody these very same principles.
In the very first chapter of the Su Wen Shang Gu Tian Zhen Lun, Treatise on Heavenly Truth from High Antiquity there is a basic discussion that sets the key for all subsequent discourses in the text and for all of Chinese medicine as a whole. At the beginning of this chapter Huang Di asks Qi Bo why contemporary people frequently suffer illnesses and live short lives while people in ancient times enjoyed health and vigor until the age of The answer that Qi Bo gives begins to describe the main guiding principle in all of Chinese medicine.
He says that people of high antiquity understood the Dao, and then continues that they understood the workings of Yin and Yang, and knew how to act in accord with the larger principles of the natural world. When Qi Bo says Dao he means the unifying principles of nature.
This is the simplest, most profound, and yet difficult to understand and apply of all principles in medical practice. Later physicians agree.
The Qing Dynasty Shang Han Lun master Zheng Qin An said, in the practice of medicine, knowing how to use medicines is not difficult, what is difficult is knowing the pattern presentation. But then, knowing the pattern presentation is not difficult; knowing Yin and Yang is what is difficult.
Zheng, Yin and Yang are Chinese scientists way of describing understandable natural laws and a way of understanding the workings of the entire universe. Unschuld, This is vitally important in the practice of medicine because humans are a miniature version of the natural world, mirroring the positive and negative changes in that environment.
Thus, understanding change in natural world allows the physician to understand the human body in both health and disease. Mans shen-spirit penetrates and reflects it. This, one of the most important passages in all the Nei Jing, clearly explains that the guiding principle in medical practice is the understanding of the natural world and how humans interact within and in relation to that world. When physicians fathom this, they understand how to rectifying disharmonies which create disease.
Translating these philosophical ideas into reliable practical treatment strategies to benefit our patients is at the core of classical Chinese medicine. Point Selection based on Correspondence in Tungs Acupuncture A unifying concept which encompasses what has been outlined in detail in the previous paragraph is that of Correspondence which can serve as an integrative model to help us understand human beings and their interaction with nature and the universe.
Within this model the human organism is viewed as a microcosm with structural and functional characteristics corresponding to those of its immediate environment and nature, as well as to those of the universe. On a smaller scale, analogous rules of correspondence can be observed within the human organism which apart from their philosophical implications, have been of wide practical use in acupuncture therapy.
They provide us with a reliable tool for point selection, location, and indication. This in turn also helps to meet scientific criteria: acupuncture can be taught in a rational fashion, its results are reproducible, and can be communicated in a way which is universally understood by all qualified readers. In Tungs system three sets of correspondences are essential for point selection and treatment strategy: Image Correspondence Channel Correspondence Tissue Correspondence.
T-1 Flow chart illustrating the use of the three correspondences to identify effective acupuncture points The flow chart in our figure T-1 provides a simplified overview of how effective acupuncture points can be identified using these three systems of correspondence. In essence a sufficiently complete and reliable Chinese medical diagnosis focuses on three components, namely the diseased body area s , the diseased channel s , and the diseased tissue s.
Each component of the diagnosis is then processed through its appropriate system of correspondence. The Image Correspondence identifies a therapeutically effective body area s , the Channel Correspondence identifies therapeutically effective channel s , and the Tissue Correspondence identifies the therapeutically effective tissue s.
The three systems eventually converge to yield the therapeutic point s. In the following paragraphs we will explain the three systems of correspondence in some detail to make the reader familiar with the structure of Tungs thinking. In the main body of this book which describes and analyses Master Tungs points and their indications in detail we will try to explain each points indication and mode of action within the framework of correspondence.
Image Correspondence As can be inferred from the flow chart of our figure T-1 the Image Correspondence contains a set of rules that enables the therapist once the diseased body region has been properly diagnosed to identify one or more body regions suitable for needling. An important aspect of Tungs system is implicit in this definition, namely that the diseased area itself is not needled.
All acupuncture points are distal points.
The key symbol and term used to describe the Image Correspondence of body parts vis--vis each other is the Taiji. An alternative term sometimes used is holographic correspondence. Within the context of Tungs acupuncture Taiji means that all properties or in modern parlance, all information of the whole body is also contained in its individual parts.
This mutual interrelationship between corresponding parts provides the rationale for treating diseased structures by needling distal and analogous healthy areas. We note in passing that modern science has shown several aspects of this picture to partly correlate with contemporary findings. Without embarking on a detailed analysis we wish to briefly mention three of them.
Embryonic cells contain enough genetic information to develop into a whole organism, and even in adulthood cells can retain some of this potential. Thus, in the extreme, one cell corresponds to a whole organism. Another example is the surface of the sensory-motor cortex of the brain which looks like a distorted map of the whole body and governs important input-output relations of the limbs and trunk.
Here a part of the body, the cortex, corresponds to a whole system. Yet another well-documented, though poorly understood phenomenon is referred pain which, in contrast to radiating pain, appears at distant areas of the trunk or extremities during diseases of internal organs. The interpretation within Chinese coordinates would be that the sites where the pain is actually felt correspond to the diseased organ. The term Large Taiji is used in two different contexts, namely A when treating diseased extremities or B when treating diseased areas of the trunk including the Three Jiao and Zang Fu located within these areas , and of the head.
Large Taiji A In the Large Taiji A diseased parts of extremities are projected onto corresponding areas of other extremities.
The geometric rules for the Large Taiji correspondence of the extremities are depicted in our figure T T-2 Large Taiji A : Correspondence of the extremities The simplest constellation is that a diseased extremity is projected onto its opposite counterpart.
Thus arm corresponds to arm, and leg corresponds to leg. This correspondence can be used in the normal orientation with hands loosely hanging down by the sides and feet resting on the ground.
The same holds true for all areas in between the joints. This makes the shoulder treat the contralateral hand and the hand treat the contralateral shoulder Inverse Correspondence Arm Arm. Similarly for the lower limb the foot treats the contralateral hip and the hip treats the contralateral hand Inverse Correspondence Leg- Leg. The correspondence of the extremities is, however, not restricted to arm treating arm and leg treating leg.
As the lower panel of figure T-2 shows arm can treat leg, and leg can treat arm Correspondence Arm Leg; left side of the lower panel. In the normal orientation the hand treats the diseased contralateral foot, the shoulder treats the contralateral hip, and the elbow treats the contralateral knee. Inverting one of the limbs about the knee or elbow joint makes the hand correspond to the contralateral hip, the hip to the contralateral hand, and the elbow to the contralateral knee Inverted Correspondence Arm - Leg; right side of the lower panel.
The geometric rules for the Large Taiji correspondence of the trunk and the extremities are depicted in our figure T The horizontal central reference line is the elbow navel knee plane.
Consequently, as can be seen in our figure T-3, the geometry is slightly distorted. Contrary to normal anatomical proportions arms and legs are given the same length and the head and trunk are partly stretched or compressed to match the limbs.
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Channel Correspondence Da Jian The Large Intestine channel by itself and via the Stomach channel same name correspondence influences the face including especially the teeth and eyes and the gastrointestinal tract. Inguinal hernia and impaired vision are associated with the Liver channel, which has a branching and connecting channel correspondence with the Large Intestine Yang Ming Jue Yin.
In cases of cardiac dysfunction and its consequences e. Symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo and blurred vision occurring together may be due to combined dysfunctions of the Liver and the cardio-vascular system; both are covered by the channel correspondences described. Furthermore, in Tungs system points that treat the Heart are also useful for knee pain. Master Tung was famous for occasionally asking patients which extremity they would like needled, as he could map the entire body on almost any surface.
Clinically speaking, some zones provide better therapeutic outcomes for chronic conditions, while others are more effective for acute illnesses. McCann and Ross provide indexes that cross-reference the Chinese and Pinyin names for the points with the numbering system, and vice versa. The authors also provide English translations for the point names in body of the book, although they do not provide these translations in the index, perhaps due to the variety of English translations currently in use this is something that should be considered for further editions.
Post-publication errors were caught in three of the tables and two of the point locations. The authors are forthright in their corrections and the publishers supply an insert with the updated information. Future drafts have already been corrected. They are able to give a clear rationale why each of the points works and use multiple references as support.
For example, one of the most effective points I have personally found in treating flare-ups of rheumatoid arthritis lies along the San Jiao channel The Kidneys also have a connection to bones, and because the San Jiao interacts with the Kidneys via a connecting channel correspondence hand shaoyang to foot shaoyin the practitioner can also utilise channel and tissue correspondences if needled correctly to invigorate the Kidneys.
Thus this single point carries the resonances of the San Jiao, Gall Bladder, Liver and Kidneys, and therefore allows for a single needle to treat an exhausted and deficient patient. I have spoken with several East-Asian medicine practitioners about this book, some who have worked in the field more than 20 years and some less than two. The common thread through their comments was that the organisation and accessibility of this text makes it the best on the subject to date.
The book has already made the rounds in my office, even disappearing on occasion because of its popularity, and the discussions that it is generating are already being felt amongst our local community of practitioners. Look online inside the book Atlas of Tungs acupuncture.Lecture handouts from the few classes available, with hand-written notes crammed into all available white space, have been carefully put into binders and marked for reference.
The book has already made the rounds in my office, even disappearing on occasion because of its popularity, and the discussions that it is generating are already being felt amongst our local community of practitioners.
ISBN 13: 9783875692112
Without embarking on a detailed analysis we wish to briefly mention three of them. The effects on the knees are primarily focused on pain radiating along the Stomach channel as the Pericardium interacts with Stomach via the branching and connecting channel correspondence Hand Jue Yin — Foot Yang Ming.
The Kidneys also have a connection to bones, and because the San Jiao interacts with the Kidneys via a connecting channel correspondence hand shaoyang to foot shaoyin the practitioner can also utilise channel and tissue correspondences if needled correctly to invigorate the Kidneys.
In the large Taiji projection this area relates to the lower back, and through the limb to limb relationship the lower leg, which is an area commonly effected by sciatica. Add to Cart -OR-.