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Bhagavad Gita is knowledge of five basic truths and the relationship of each truth to the other: These five truths are Krishna, or God, the individual soul, the. You are about to download Bhagavad Gita hindi book pdf for free – Don't forget to like us on facebook & share with your friends to keep us motivated to add. Bhagawad Gita in Hindi is available for download. The ebook edition of Bhagawad Gita in pdf format download from here - No Ads, Easy & Fast Downloads.
The entire eighteen chapters of the Gita are the talk between confused Arjuna and his best friend, mentor and cousin, Lord Krishna an incarnation of God --on the battlefield of Kurukshetra near New Delhi, India, about 5, years ago. This conversation was reported to the blind king, Dhritarashtra, by his charioteer, Sanjay.
It is recorded in the great epic, Mahabharata. All lives, human or nonhuman, are sacred, and nonviolence or Ahimsa is one of the most basic principles of Hinduism.
This spiritual talk between the Supreme Lord, Krishna, and His devotee-friend, Arjuna, occurs not in a temple, a lonely forest, or on a mountain top, but on a battlefield on the eve of a war. Jai: This is an interesting story, Grandma.
Can you tell me more? Grandma: If you come to where I sit every evening, Jai, I will tell you the whole story, one chapter each day. Just make sure your homework is done and you have time to listen. Jai: Thank you, Grandma. The main reason is that people are not able to let go of their selfish motives and desires.
Most wars are fought for possession and power. But all problems could be solved peacefully if people could see both sides of the problem and work out an agreement. War should be the last resort. Our holy books say: One should not commit violence towards anyone. Unjustified killing is punishable in all circumstances. Lord Krishna urged Arjuna to fight for his rights, but not to kill needlessly.
It was his duty as a warrior to fight a declared war and establish peace and law and order on earth. Jai: I would like to know first how Lord Krishna and Arjuna happened to talk on the battlefield, Grandma.
Grandma: It came about in this way, Jai. The war of Mahabharata was about to begin after peace talks by Lord Krishna and others failed to avoid the war. When the soldiers were gathered on the battlefield, Arjuna asked Lord Krishna to drive his chariot between the two armies so that he could see those who were ready to fight.
Seeing all his relatives, friends, and soldiers on the battlefield and fearing their destruction, he became compassionate.
Jai: What does compassionate mean, Grandma? Grandma: Compassion does not mean pity, Jai. That would be looking down on others as poor, pitiful creatures. Arjuna was feeling their pain and their unlucky situation as his own. Arjuna was a great warrior, who had fought many wars and was well prepared for the war, but suddenly his compassion made him not want to fight. He spoke of the evils of war and sat down on the seat of his chariot, his mind full of sorrow.
He saw no use in fighting. He did not know what to do. We humans also have wars going inside all of us. Our negative and positive forces are always fighting. The negative forces within us are represented by the Kauravas and the positive forces by the Pandavas. The Gita does not have stories in it to illustrate the teachings, so I will add some stories from other sources to help you.
Here is a story about negative and positive thoughts fighting each other that Lord Krishna Himself told to Arjuna in Mahabharata. Why do people fight, Grandma? Why are there wars? The hermit could have saved a life by hiding the truth, but he did not think very carefully and made a wrong decision. Lord Krishna told Arjuna that the hermit shared with the robber the sin of killing a life. The robber could not have found the merchant if the hermit had not told the truth.
So when two noble principles conflict with each other, we have to know which one is the higher principle. Ahimsa has the highest priority, so the hermit should have lied in this situation to save a life. One may not tell a truth that harms a person in any way. In such a situation, expert advice should be sought. There once lived a great hermit, who was famous for telling the truth. One evening, a robber was chasing a merchant to rob and kill him.
The merchant was running for his life. To escape from the robber, the merchant ran towards the forest where the hermit lived outside the village. The merchant felt very safe because there was no way the robber could find out where he was hiding in the jungle. But the hermit had seen the direction in which the merchant went. The robber knew that the hermit would tell only the truth and could be trusted, so he asked him whether he had seen somebody running away.
The hermit knew that the robber must be looking for somebody to rob and kill, so he faced a big problem. If he told the truth, the merchant would certainly be killed. If he lied, he would incur the sin of lying and lose his reputation. Any immoral act that may harm others is called sin.
Ahimsa nonviolence and truthfulness are two most important teachings of all religions that we must follow. If we have to choose between these two, which one should we choose? This is a very difficult choice. Lord Krishna gave another example of a robber coming to a village to rob and kill the villagers. In this situation, killing the robber would be an act of nonviolence because killing one person may save many lives. Lord Krishna Himself, on several occasions, had to make such decisions to win the war of Mahabharata and put an end to all the evil-doers.
Arjuna felt great compassion to see his friends and relatives on the opposite side, whom he must kill to win the war. He became confused, spoke of the evils of war, and refused to fight. Therefore, we should not grieve over death of the body because the Atma inside the body never dies. Gita 2. Jai: What is the difference between Atma Spirit , soul, and body Grandma? Grandma: That is exactly what Arjuna asked Lord Krishna.
They are worthy of my respect. In Vedic culture, gurus, the elderly, honorable persons, and all other superiors are to be respected. But the scriptures also say that anyone who acts wrongly or unlawfully against you or others, or anyone who supports such deeds, should no longer be respected, but punished.
Arjuna was confused about his duty and asked guidance from Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna then instructed him on the true knowledge of Atma and the physical body. Jai: Grandma: One and the same Atma dwells inside all bodies. Our body changes with time. Our old-age body is different from our childhood body. But Atma does not change. Atma takes a childhood body, a youth body, and an old-age body during this life, then takes another body after death. Spirit is universal and all pervading.
The English word spirit or soul also means the Spirit residing in individual bodies. In Sanskrit language, we call this individual soul Jivatma or Jiva also spelled as Jeeva.
If Spirit is compared to a forest, the individual soul spirit or Jiva can be compared to the tree in the forest. The body is called a garment of Atma. Just as we get rid of an old, worn-out garment and put on a new one, similarly, Atma gets rid of the old body and takes a new one after death. So death is like changing the garment of Atma. Grandma: Atma is also called the Spirit, or the soul.
भगवद गीता | Bhagavad Gita Hindi Book PDF Free Download
Atma is never born, never dies, and is everlasting. Our body takes birth and dies, but not Atma. Atma supports the body. Without Atma, the body becomes dead. Atma supplies the power to our body, mind, and senses, just as air burns and supports fire.
Weapons cannot cut 6 grieve over death of the body. We are not the body. We are Atma with a body.
Death just means our soul passes from one body to another new body. Lord Krishna tells us that we have full control over our action, but no control over the results of our action. But he cannot expect a harvest if he does not work his land with best effort and with tools he has.
We should do our best at the present moment and let the future take care of itself. Jai: Then why did Arjuna grieve over deaths of loved ones on the battlefield? Grandma: Arjuna was a very tough warrior, Jai, but he wanted to run away from the horrors of war and lead an easy life of a Samnyasi, a wandering hermit.
Lord Krishna taught us to face the battle of life by giving Arjuna the beautiful science of KarmaYoga, the art of peaceful and prosperous living. Chapter 3 of the Gita tells us more about this. Arjuna was worried about the results of the war, but Lord Krishna asks us to do our duty without worrying too much about the results, such as gain and loss, victory and defeat, success and failure.
If you are constantly worried about the results of your studies, you will not be able to put your heart and soul into them for fear of failure. Jai: Could you tell me more about the secret of success as told by Krishna to Arjuna? Grandma: We should be so completely absorbed in work or study as to become unaware of everything else, even of its results. To achieve the best results from what we do, we should be focused on the action with undivided attention.
Action should be done sincerely without worrying about its results. The results of the action will be greater if we put all attention and energy into the action itself and do not allow our energy to be diverted by thinking of results. The result will depend on energy put into action. We are asked not to worry about results during the course of action. This does not mean that we should not care about results.
But we should not expect only positive results all the time. Grandma: Arjuna must fight to win, but he should not weaken his will by worrying about the result while he is fighting. He should put all his attention and energy into every minute of the fight. That energy is what will bring 7 best without thinking of our own selfish motives or even the results.
A Selfrealized person works for the good of all. At the end of their military training came final examination time. Drona put a wooden eagle on the branch of a nearby tree. Nobody knew it was just a doll.
It looked like a real eagle. He asked the same of all the students, one by one. Every one of them gave a similar answer. Grandma: A Self-realized person is a perfect person, Jai. Lord Krishna tells us the mind of a perfect person is not shaken by difficulties, does not run after pleasures, is free from fear, desire, greed, and attachment, and has control over mind and senses.
Jai: How can we keep from getting angry, Grandma? Grandma: We get angry if our desire is not fulfilled. We should not want too many things. Desires begin in the mind, so we should control our mind. The desire for pleasure takes one to the dark alley of sin, gets us in trouble, and prevents our progress.
Put forth your best effort and concentrate on your studies. Arjuna was a very good example of such concentration. Here is a story about him. Arjuna easily cut off the head of the eagle with one arrow because he was concentrating on his aim with a single mind. He passed the test with flying colors. Arjuna was not only the greatest warrior of his time, but also a compassionate KarmaYogi. Lord Krishna chose Arjuna as a medium to impart the knowledge of the holy Gita. We all should follow the example of Arjuna.
Read the Gita and be like Arjuna. Whatever work you do, do it with single-minded attention and put your whole heart and mind into it. This is the main theme of KarmaYoga of the Gita and the secret of success in anything you do. To become a perfect person, we need to control or limit our desires. A word for the youth from Swami Vivekananda: "Whatever you are doing, put your whole mind on it.
If you are shooting, your mind should be only on the target. Then you will never miss. If you are learning your lessons, think only of the lesson. In India boys and girls are taught to do this". Chapter 2 summary: Lord Krishna taught us, through Arjuna, the difference between Atma and body. Atma is unborn and indestructible. One and the same Atma dwells inside all bodies, human or nonhuman. Thus we are all connected with each other. We should do our duty to the best of our ability without worrying about success or failure.
Jai: Why do we have to control our desires, Grandma? Grandma: There are many scriptures in our religion, such as the 4 Vedas, Upanishads, 18 Puranas, Ramayanas, Mahabharata, various Sutras and many others. Reading all of them would be a difficult task. But Lord Krishna has given us everything we need to know about God in the Gita. The Gita has the essence of all the Vedas and Upanishads for the modern time.
Grandma: When you choose wrong behavior for sense enjoyment, you also choose its results. That is why work has to be done for the welfare of all and not just to satisfy your desires or for personal gain. One who practices KarmaYoga is called a KarmaYogi.
A KarmaYogi finds the right way to serve and turns her or his work into worship. In KarmaYoga, no work is more important or less important than other work.
Jai: Uncle Puri is a farmer and has no interest in studying the Gita. He says the Gita is difficult and not for common people like him.
So how can Uncle Puri realize God? Jai: Uncle Hari left his family and home and went to an Ashram last year to find God. Do we have to leave home to seek God? Grandma: Uncle Puri should follow the second path, the path of KarmaYoga that is described in this chapter of the Gita.
This is the path of duty or selfless service. This path is better for most people who work hard to support a family and have no time or interest to read scriptures.
Followers of this path do not have to leave work and go to an Ashram. They give up selfish motives and do all work for the greater good of society, instead of just for themselves. Grandma: No, we do not. In the Gita, Lord Krishna has given us different paths to God-realization. The path you choose depends on your individual nature. In general, there are two types of people in the world: the inward or studious, introvert type and the outward or active type.
For the introvert like Uncle Hari, the path of spiritual knowledge is best. Followers of this path go to a spiritual master or a guru where they study Vedic scriptures under proper guidance.
In this path, we learn who we are and how we can lead a happy and peaceful life. Only those who do their duty selflessly for the good of all people will find real peace and satisfaction. Jai: What does a person gain who follows the teaching of Lord Brahma and works for the good of society? Grandma: Such a person attains peace and success in this life, reaches God, and does not take birth again on this earth.
Here is a true modern story of how selfless service, discussed in Chapter 3, works wonders in life. Grandma: A true KarmaYogi works hard even without personal gain.
Only the ignorant work just for personal gain. The world runs smoothly because people do their duty. Parents work hard to support their family, and the children do their part.
Nobody can remain inactive or idle all the time. Most people engage in some activity and do what they can. Brahma, the creator, gave his first teaching to humanity when he said: Let all of you progress and prosper by helping each other and by doing your duty properly.
Gita 3. Sir Alexander Fleming A poor Scottish farmer one day, while trying to make a living for his family, heard a cry for help coming from a nearby swamp. He dropped his tools and ran to the bog. There, sunk to his waist in the swamp, was a terrified boy, screaming and struggling to free himself.
Farmer Fleming saved the lad from what could have been a slow and terrifying death. The next day, a fancy carriage pulled up to the Scotsman's simple home. A well dressed nobleman stepped out and introduced himself as the father of the boy that Farmer Fleming had saved. At that moment, the farmer's own son came to the door of the family hovel.
Grandma: They commit sin, Jai. It is wrong to perform any action selfishly without considering its effect on others.
Lord Krishna calls such a person a thief, useless, and sinful. We should help and serve each other. He attained God by serving his people as his own children, selflessly and without attachment to the results of his action. He did his duty as worship of God. Work done without any selfish motive, as a matter of duty, becomes worship of God because it helps God run the world.
Let me provide him with the level of education my own son will enjoy. If the lad is anything like his father, he'll no doubt grow to be a man we both will be proud of. Farmer Fleming's son attended the very best schools and in time graduated from St. Mary's Hospital Medical School in London and went on to become known throughout the world as the noted Sir Alexander Fleming, the discoverer of Penicillin. Years afterward, the same nobleman's son who was saved from the swamp was stricken with pneumonia.
What saved his life this time? The name of the nobleman? Lord Randolph Churchill. His son's name? The famous Sir Winston Churchill. Mahatma Gandhi was a true KarmaYogi, who worked selflessly all his life without any personal motive, just for the good of society.
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He set an example for other world leaders to follow. There are many other examples of selfless persons. Jai: Is that how our leaders should work? Grandma: Yes, a true KarmaYogi shows by personal example how to lead a selfless life and attain God by following the path of KarmaYoga. Someone once said: What goes around comes around.
This is the universal law of Karma, the law of cause and effect. Grandma: KarmaYoga requires doing our duty in life the best we can, unselfishly, without attachment to the results of our work.
A KarmaYogi remains calm in both success and failure and has no likes or dislikes for any person, place, object, or work. Work done as selfless service for the welfare of humanity produces no good or bad Karmic bondage and leads one to God. Jai: Please give me more examples of true KarmaYogis, Grandma. Grandma: You have read the story of Ramayana. How do we do this, Grandma?
Grandma: Spiritually ignorant persons work just for themselves. The wise work for the welfare of all. The ignorant work to enjoy the result of their labor and become attached to it because they think they are the doer.
They do not realize that all work is done by the power supplied to us by God. With the power to do our duty and the intellect to choose between right and wrong action, we become responsible for our actions. The wise offer all their work to God with no selfish desire of their own. The ignorant work only to fulfill their personal desires. The work should be suited to your nature. You know what you can do best. Jai: What kind of work should I do when I graduate, Grandma?
Grandma: There is no such thing as good or bad work. All types of workers are needed to keep society running.
Some work pays more than others, but higher paying jobs are usually more difficult and stressful if you are not qualified for them. If you are qualified for a lower paying job, lead a simple life and avoid unnecessary items. A simple life means not desiring too many material things. Limit yourself to the basic needs of life. Keep your desires under control. Lord Buddha said: Selfish desire is the cause of all evils and misery. Grandma: With a little effort, anybody can follow the path of KarmaYoga.
Srimad Bhagavad Gita ( Sanskrit, Hindi & English)
Think of whatever work you are doing as your gift to society. If you are a student, your duty is to attend school, do your homework, respect your parents, teachers, other elders, and help your brothers, sisters, friends, and classmates.
In student life, prepare yourself to be a good, productive citi- Jai: Is selfish desire the reason why people do bad things? Control your wants because whatever you want, wants you also! Jai: your mind from getting dirty by sensual pleasures like smoking, alcohol, drugs, and other bad habits.
Bad habits are very hard to get rid of, so avoid them to start with. Always keep good company, read good books, avoid bad people, and think of the long-term result of your actions. Then are all desires bad? Grandma: No, all desires are not bad. The desire to serve others is a noble desire. The desire to enjoy pleasures is bad because it leads to sinful and illegal activities. Always remember that desire never ends after you get what you want.
It just leads to new desires and creates greed. People do bad things when they are angry. We have to watch our mind and keep it on track. Chapter 3 Summary: Lord Krishna mentioned two major paths to peace and happiness in life. The path chosen depends on the individual. It is easy for most people to follow the path of KarmaYoga, the path of selfless service. To help each other is the first teaching of the creator.
This keeps society going and progressing. We should all do our duty to the best of our ability. Choose the career best suited to your nature. No job is small. Finally, Lord Krishna tells us we must control our desire for pleasures. Uncontrolled desires for pleasure lead us to failure and suffering in life. We must think about the results of an action before taking it up.
Avoid bad company at all costs. Jai: How can we control our desire for pleasures? Grandma: One way is by the knowledge given in the Gita and by the power of thinking. Before you act from desire, always think first of the results of that action.
Desires start in the mind and stay there. You can control your mind by intellect and reasoning. When you are young, your mind becomes dirty just as the clear water of a pond becomes muddy during the rainy season. This will keep you from achieving the higher goals of life. The Supreme God comes to earth in different forms from time to time whenever the forces of evil try to disturb and destroy the world peace.
Lord comes to set everything right. He also sends prophets and teachers to help mankind. His birth and activities are divine and each incarnation Avataras has a purpose. Lord Buddha, Moses, Jesus, Mohammad and saints and sages of other religions are also considered minor incarnations of God.
At the end of the present time period, known as KaliYuga, the Kalki incarnation will happen in the very distant future. Jai: The Gita reports what was spoken on the battlefield, but who wrote it, Grandma? Grandma: The teachings of the Gita are very old. They were first given to the Sun-god in the beginning of creation by Lord Krishna. Over time, this knowledge got lost. The Gita in its present form is the teaching by the Supreme Lord, Krishna, to Arjuna about 5, years ago.
Jai: So is Lord Krishna the author of the Gita? Grandma: Yes, Lord Krishna is the author of the Gita. It was put together by sage Vayasa who also edited the four Vedas.
Sage Vayasa had the power of recalling events of the past and future, but he could not do the work of both recalling the Gita spoken by Krishna on the battlefield as well as writing it down. Bhagavad Gita The second way is Bhakti yoga the way of devotion. This in an idea developed in great detail in Hinduism and holds that our actions can be dedicated to Krishna by surrendering our will to him, and he will take upon himself any bad karma.
The idea behind Karma yoga is acting without attachment; in other words, to act without being so concerned about the outcome of our actions. According to this view, if we act in such a way as not to get attached to the fruits of our actions, we can be more effective. Sometimes emotions like fear, embarrassment, or anxiety can interfere in the outcome of what we do. Established in meditation, they are truly wise. Fettered no more by selfish attachments, they are neither elated by good fortune nor depressed by bad.
Such are the seers. From attachment longing, and from longing anger grows. From anger comes delusion, and from delusion loss of memory. From loss of memory comes the ruin of understanding, and from the ruin of understanding he perishes.
Bhagavad Gita Each of these three ways to act without getting bad karma is suitable for different people or castes. Priests would follow the way of knowledge; peasants, merchants and commoners might be inclined to the way of devotion; warriors would identify themselves with the way of action. Finally, Arjuna decides to obey Krishna by engaging in the battle and in the end the Pandavas regain control of the kingdom.
Important figures such as Mahatma Gandhi held the Gita as their main reference book. The physicist Robert Oppenheimer watched the massive explosion and blinding flash of the mushroom cloud of the first atomic bomb test in New Mexico.
Add to Wishlist. Bhagavad Gita is knowledge of five basic truths and the relationship of each truth to the other: These five truths are Krishna, or God, the individual soul, the material world, action in this world, and time. The Gita lucidly explains the nature of consciousness, the self, and the universe. It is the essence of India's spiritual wisdom. It was narrated for the first time in the battle of Kurukshetra, by Lord Krishna to Arjun. The Bhagavad Gita, also referred to as Gita, is a —verse Dharmic scripture that is part of the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata.
This scripture contains a conversation between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide Krishna on a variety of philosophical issues. Faced with a fratricidal war, a despondent Arjuna turns to his charioteer Krishna for counsel on the battlefield. Krishna, through the course of the Bhagavad Gita, imparts to Arjuna wisdom, the path to devotion, and the doctrine of selfless action.
The Bhagavad Gita upholds the essence and the philosophical tradition of the Upanishads. However, unlike the rigorous monism of the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita also integrates dualism and theism. Numerous commentaries have been written on the Bhagavad Gita with widely differing views on the essentials, beginning with Adi Sankara's commentary on the Bhagavad Gita in the eighth century CE.We should do our duty to the best of our ability without worrying about success or failure.
Non-dual philosophy sees God and His creation as One. Grandma: That is exactly what Arjuna asked Lord Krishna. No one comes to give free book of Bhagvatgita even Prabhupada too. Krishnanand chourasia says: Farmer Fleming saved the lad from what could have been a slow and terrifying death.
Grandma: Atma is also called the Spirit, or the soul. The Gita does not have stories in it to illustrate the teachings, so I will add some stories from other sources to help you. May you master archery as you wish!