cigarettes or any other tobacco products is found is not responsible for the contravention of the provisions of this Act, the Court may, instead of making an order. The following Act of Parliament received the-~ssent of the President on the. 18th May, , and is hereby publishedforgeneral informatioh: THE CIGARETTES. New Delhi, the 19th May, /Vaisakha 29, (Saka). The following Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the. 18th May, , and is.
|Language:||English, Arabic, Hindi|
|Genre:||Academic & Education|
|ePub File Size:||16.88 MB|
|PDF File Size:||11.19 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration Required]|
Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, The said amendment bill along with the Notes on clauses is placed in public. COTPA Actpdf - Free download as PDF File .pdf) or read online for free. and Distribution) Act, (34 of ), the Central rnment hereby appoints 1st day of May, as the dat on which the provisions of Sections 1,2,3,4,5, 6(a).
Address for correspondence: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background: Materials and Methods: Cigarettes and other tobacco products act, compliance, smoke-free city, tertiary health-care institution. Table 1 Category wise compliance to smoke-free law in public places under study. Open in a separate window.
Footnotes Source of Support: Nil Conflict of Interest: World Health Organization; World Health Organization. Available from: A nationally representative case-control study of smoking and death in India. N Engl J Med.
Shimkhada R, Peabody JW. Tobacco control in India. Bull World Health Organ.
WHO framework convention on tobacco control: Dawson J, Singh RJ. Compliance surveys: An effective tool to validate smoke-free public places in four jurisdictions in India.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. Effect of smoke-free workplaces on smoking behaviour: Systematic review. A case study. Am J Ind Med.
Act 32 of [Last accessed on 21 March ]. Assessing compliance with smoke-free laws. Effective smoke-free policies in achieving a high level of compliance with smoke-free law: Experiences from a district of North India.
Tob Control. Has the ban on smoking in New South Wales restaurants worked? A comparison of restaurants in Sydney and Melbourne. Med J Aust. Long term compliance with California's smoke-free workplace law among bars and restaurants in Los Angeles County.
Support for and reported compliance among smokers with smoke-free policies in air-conditioned hospitality venues in Malaysia and Thailand: Findings from the international tobacco control South East Asia survey. Asia Pac J Public Health.
The Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act,2003
National smoke free law in New Zealand improves air quality inside bars, pubs and restaurants. BMC Public Health. Only With regards to point of sale advertisement only Nearly Violation by visible stacking and open display of tobacco products for sale was observed at Conclusions: Enacting of the law without robust measures for enforcement has led to widespread noncompliance to the provisions with in the tobacco control legislation in the metropolitan city of Mumbai.
Strong and sustainable measures needs to be incorporated both by civic administration and public health departments for its forceful implementation.
Alarming increase in the use of tobacco among children, adults and other vulnerable sections of societies represents a great concern to public health local and the national level. Tobacco is becoming one of the single biggest causes of death worldwide. India is especially impacted by tobacco epidemic with its geographically diverse and heterogeneous smokeless and smoking forms of tobacco use.
There are almost million tobacco users in India. Effective comprehensive tobacco control laws that can impact reduced consumption are needed.
Tobacco legislation in India dates back to when the Cigarettes Regulation of Production, Supply, and Distribution Act, was enacted, which made it mandatory to display a statutory health warning on all packages and advertisements of cigarettes.
The Cigarettes Act, , failed to accomplish much because it was not comprehensive in its coverage and was feeble in its provisions. Again in one its major steps towards antitobacco movement in the state, the Government of Maharashtra banned manufacturing, sale and distribution of gutka and pan masala, by getting both these items classified as food to come under the purview of the Food Safety and Standards Act FSSA.
The ban came into force in July and was successfully upheld by the Bombay High Court for a further extension of one-year till July in Maharashtra.
Among the many provisions with in COTPA our study looked into the compliance to implementation and enforcement of Section 5 and Section 6 of the COTPA legislation with respect to point of sale advertisement of tobacco, prohibition of sale of tobacco products to and by minors and prohibition of tobacco products selling outlets within yards of the selected educational institutes EI , including compliance to the gutka and pan masala ban in Mumbai.
The study also assessed the knowledge, perceptions and practices towards tobacco use, awareness about harmful effects of tobacco consumption and knowledge about the COTPA legislation and provisions with-in the same among the tobacco vendors outside these EI. Design In order to achieve the above objectives, EI within the Mumbai metropolitan region were selected in a two stage random sampling process to conduct the study.
Mumbai city is divided into 29 administrative wards.
Six administrative wards were randomly selected and EI imparting secondary and higher secondary education within each of these randomly selected wards was enumerated obtaining the list of these institutes from the Education department of Mumbai Municipal Corporation. One EI each from each of these six administrative wards was selected by random sampling to be representative of the population and region.
This being an exploratory study power estimates were not calculated.
The mandatory research study approvals were obtained from the institutional scientific and ethics committees, respectively. Paramedical staff comprising of Medical Social Workers were recruited and trained for in-depth understanding of tobacco-related health problem, the specifications and provisions for tobacco control in the tobacco legislation, conducting the community surveys, identifying tobacco selling outlets, tobacco vendor mapping, administering Informed consent and undertaking vendor interviews with pretested structured questionnaires.
All the tobacco products selling outlets with in this yards distance were mapped for their exact location with distance from EI and then enlisted for the study purpose.
This study applied manual mapping of tobacco outlets combining the current location maps obtained from the municipal authorities along with the physical investigation by trained Field Social Investigators conducted on two separate occasions to measure the spatial density of tobacco selling outlets to obtain accurate number and exact geographic location within the radius of yards of the randomly select EI [Figure 1].
Nearly one in two men and one in five women are current tobacco users. The four major provisions of COTPA include 1 section 4: prohibition of smoking in public places; 2 section 5: prohibition of direct and indirect advertisement of tobacco products; 3 section 6: prohibition on the sale of tobacco products to and by minors, and within yards of educational institutions; and 4 section 7: display of pictorial health warnings on tobacco products.
Monthly Education Reports by state department of education for a period from April to March Data on COTPA enforcement by district anti-tobacco cells provided by the state anti-tobacco cell department of health and family welfare for a period from April to March Media reports related to tobacco in Karnataka compiled as part of a tobacco control project at our organization for a period from April to March The authors are affiliated with a not-for-profit non-government organization nominated as a nodal agency by police department in Karnataka to help implement COTPA.
It is also a member of the state anti-tobacco cell, a nodal agency in the state to implement National Tobacco Control Program. Data analysis The qualitative data news reports and government orders were used to identify the role played by government agencies for COTPA implementation.We analyzed these data to map and understand the role played by the government agencies in COTPA implementation.
Footnotes Source of Support: Smoke-free hospital campus demonstrates commitment to good health and sends a pro-healthy signal to the community. Conflicts of interest There are no conflicts of interest.
Act 32 of [Last accessed on 21 March ]. Developing and validating a tablet version of an illness explanatory model interview for a public health survey in Pune, India.
The list of EIs included primary, middle, and high schools, colleges, deemed school and universities, and colleges for professional education and polytechnics.
- SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP PDF
- INTRODUCTION TO CONTINUUM MECHANICS MICHAEL LAI PDF
- INTERNETWORKING WITH TCP/IP EBOOK
- BECCA FITZPATRICK SILENCE PDF
- K53 LEARNERS LICENCE PDF
- KITAB FATHUR RABBANI PDF
- PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSUASION PDF
- SCHAUMS OUTLINE OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 4TH EDITION PDF
- GRAMATICA LIMBII FRANCEZE PDF
- ALFABETO GRAFFITI CLAUDIA WALDE PDF